PEUGEOT 405

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The Peugeot 405 is a large family car released by the French automaker Peugeot in July 1987 and which continues to be manufactured under license outside France. The 405 was voted European Car of the Year for 1988.

Peugeot
Production
1987–1997 (France, United Kingdom)
1987—2009 (Iran)
1987—present (Egypt and Iran only)
Predecessor
Peugeot 404
Peugeot 305
Successor
Peugeot 406
Large family car
4-door sedan
5-door wagon
Front engine, Front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Inline-4, 1.4-2.0 L, petrol/diesel
2,670 mm (105 in)
Length
4,410 mm (174 in)
Width
1,690 mm (67 in)-1,714 mm (67.5 in)
Height
1,390 mm (55 in)-1,450 mm (57 in)
1,020 kg (2,200 lb)-1,430 kg (3,200 lb)
Related
Citroën BX, Samand
Pininfarina

 



Rudy H, ST.
Blogger Kuningan

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Timeline

  • 1987: In July, Peugeot unveiled 10 versions of the 405 simultaneously for the 1988 model year. The 405 was available as a 4-door only. Four-cylinder petrol engines included 65, 92, 110, 125, and 160 hp (48, 69, 82, 93, and 119 kW) units.
  • 1988: 70 and 90 hp (52 and 67 kW) diesel engines are added to the range. Estate introduced.
  • 1989: 500,000 vehicles already produced.
  • 1990: In France, the 1 millionth 405 leaves the Sochaux factory. BE1 transmission replaced by the BE3.
  • 1991: Updates to the dashboard, steering wheel, and soundproofing.
  • 1993: Phase 2 model. New boot (trunk) with better ingress, new rear lights and boot design and new dashboard. Launch of the turbocharged, 16-valve, four wheel drive 405 T16. (LHD only)
  • 1995: The 405's replacement, the 406 is introduced. 405 saloon discontinued. Airbag becomes an option on some models, and standard on the Mi16 (except UK) and T16.
  • 1997: Estate discontinued in Europe, marking the end of European production of the 405.
Versions

1988-1992 range

  • GE - 1.6 L 8-valve, basic model
  • Style - 1.6 L 8-valve, basic model, UK market only
  • GL/GR - 1.6L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve
  • GLD/GRD - 1.9L 8-valve diesel
  • GLDt/GRDt/GTDt 1.8L 8-valve turbo diesel
  • GRi/SRi/GTX - 1.9 L 125 bhp 8-valve fuel injected, based on the same engine as the 205 GTI 1.9.
  • Mi16 - 1.9L 16-valve fuel injected all alloy engine, with 160 bhp (119 kW; 162 PS). The engine (XU9J4) of the Mi16 was later used by Peugeot as the basis for the engine in the 206 WRC, winning two championships.

1992-1994 range

  • Style - 1.4 L 8-valve, 1.6L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel
  • GL/GLdt - 1.4 L 8-valve, 1.6L 8-valve, 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel, 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel
  • GR/GRdt - 1.6 L 8-valve, 1.8L 8-valve, 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel, 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel
  • SRi/SRdt - 2.0 L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve inter-cooled turbo diesel , with rear spoiler and sports styling
  • STi/STdt - 2.0 L 8-valve, luxury model, 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel
  • Hunter - 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel, Special edition
  • Mi16 - 2.0 L 16-valve, 155 bhp (116 kW; 157 PS)
  • Mi16 Le Mans - 2.0 L 16-valve, Special edition Mi16, came with special edition red paint, alcantara (leather/suede) seats and alloys. 1,000 produced
  • T16 - The top of the line homologation special, 200 hp (150 kW) at 1,1 bar (normal boost) 220 hp at 1,3 bar (overboost) for 45 sec. 2.0 L 16-valve turbocharged XU10J4TE engine with watercooled chargecooler, constant four wheel drive with 53/47% power distribution and self-regulating hydraulic rear axle. 1061 examples were built, 60 of them for the French Police.

1994-1996 range

  • Style - 1.6L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel, 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel
  • Quasar - 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel
  • GLX - 1.6L 8-valve, 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9 8-valve diesel, 1.9 8-valve turbo diesel
  • GTX - 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9 8-valve diesel, 1.9 8-valve turbo diesel
  • Executive - 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9 8-valve turbo diesel

1996-1997 range (estate models only)

  • Style - 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve diesel, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel
  • LX - 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve diesel, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel
  • GLX - 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel
  • Executive - 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel
Motorsport

e most famous motorsport version of the 405, the rallying 405 Turbo 16 GR, was very different from the road-going 405. It was built in a coupe body style in mid-engine configuration, had constant four wheel drive with electronically-adjustable center differential like the 205 T16, as it was based on the same technology. Only two examples were made, one raced hill climbs and the other competed in the Paris-Dakar rally. Today, one is in the official Peugeot museum, and the other is in a private collection.

  • 1988: Finnish driver Ari Vatanen set a new record in the Pikes Peak International Hillclimb (an award winning film of the drive titled Climb Dance was made by Jean Louis Mourey). Kankkunen and Piironen win the Paris-Dakar Rally in the 405 T16 GR.
  • 1989: Victory in the Paris-Dakar rally by the Vatanen-Ickx team in a 405 T16 GR.
  • 1990: Victory in the Paris-Dakar rally by the Vatanen-Berglund team in a 405 T16 GR.

Racing 405s much closer in specification to the road-going models were campaigned for several years in European touring car racing during the early to mid 1990s, most notably in the British Touring Car Championship and the French Supertourisme Championship. In Britain, the 405 did not achieve much success, but the car won the French series in both 1994 and 1995, in the hands of Laurent Aïello.


The Pikes Peak version of the 405 Turbo 16 GR.

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